Category: Current Affairs

Important things to know about Mission Shakti

India has successfully test-fired a sophisticated anti-satellite missile in ‘Mission Shakti’ and shattered a live satellite flying in the low-Earth orbit, PM Narendra Modi announced in a televised national address. With this successful space mission, India has become the fourth country to attain such a specialized and modern capability; making it a ‘space superpower’. Prime Minister gave assurance to the international community that “our capability will not be used against any person but is merely India’s defence initiative for its security. We are against arms race in the space. This test will not violate any international law or treaties.”

Mission Shakti is a joint programme of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). In a rare televised address to the nation, PM Modi announced the success of the space defence mission programme when he declared that India has shot down a low-orbit earth satellite at a height of 300 km from the earth’s surface.

 

Important point’s about Mission Shakti

1. Mission Shakti’ is an anti-satellite missile test, under which an Anti-Satellite or ASAT missile shot down the Low Earth Orbit satellite ‘in 3 minutes of launch’.

2. The satellite that has been used in the mission was one of the country’s existing satellites working in lower orbit. The satellite was in orbit at 300 kms when it was smashed.

3. The successful launch of the ASAT has made India enter the exclusive group of countries with capabilities to launch such sophisticated missiles. It is now the 4th country to have successfully tested the Anti-Satellite missile after US, Russia & China.

4. The whole effort of Mission Shakti is original and has been executed by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).

5. India, with Mission Shakti, has successfully exhibited its capability to bar and seize a satellite in outer space based on complete indigenous technology.

6. DRDO’s Ballistic Missile Defence interceptor was used for Mission Shakti, which is part of the continuing ballistic missile defence programme.

7. The anti-satellite missile test was conducted in the lower atmosphere to make sure that there is no space debris. Whatever wreckage is generated will decompose and fall back in the earth within weeks.

 

Prime Minister has called it a test of India’s potential to bring down low orbit satellites and stated that India’s action was not directed against any nation. “Mission Shakti was a highly complex one, conducted at extremely high speed with remarkable precision. It shows the remarkable dexterity of India’s outstanding scientists and the success of our space programme”.

Mission Shakti has strengthened India’s space programme and it is a step towards country’s safety, security, economic growth and technological advancement.

100 Top Latest GK Current Affairs Questions Answers CDS 2 2018

Candidates who are preparing for the Upcoming CDS exam can refer to the few latest GK and current affairs questions for the CDS exam. Candidates will face gk and current affairs questions in CDS General Knowledge question paper. The questions in CDS General Knowledge paper will be covered from current affairs, History of India, Geography, Politics, and Economy. Candidates can check the CDS exam preparation PDF linked below for the best CDS exam revision for Maths, GK and English papers.

GK Current Affairs Questions Answers CDS Exam

Q.no (1) Which railway station in India entered Limca Book of Records 2018 for having all-women staff?
Ans:- Matunga suburban station.
(on the Central Railway (CR) of Mumbai).

Q.no (2) ‘Nomadic Elephant-2018’ is the name of exercise between which two countries Armed Forces?
Ans:- India and Mongolia.
Q.no (3) 2018 FIFA World Cup won by which team?
Ans:- France (second time France hold the World Cup).
Q.no (4) When the great scientist and author ‘Stephen Hawking’ died?
Ans:- On 14th March 2018.
Q.no (5) Anti-terrorist force ‘kavach’ will be set up by which state of India?
Ans:- Haryana.

Q.no (6) Which airport get India’s First Runway on ‘Sea Bridge’?
Ans:- Agatti Airport.
(this Airport located at Lakshadweep).

Q.no (7) Name the athlete who won the Gold Medal at 2018 IAAF World Under-20 Athletics Championships?
Ans:- Indian Athlete ‘Hima Das’ (she finished race of 400m with clocking 51.46 seconds).

Q.no (8) Which country becomes World’s 2nd biggest stock market?
Ans:- Japan.

Q.no (9) How many women Battalions has approved for Jammu and Kashmir Police recently?
Ans:- 
2 battalions.

Q.no (10) New products launched such as pre-approved credit card and UPI solution to mark its 124th foundation day by which Bank in India?
Ans:- State-run Punjab National Bank (PNB) on 13th April 2018.

Q.no (11) Which Organization body in India introduces the online bill tracking system for Vendors and Contractors?
Ans:- Indian Railways.

Q.no (12) With which company UN Women organization Inaugurates ‘We The Women’?
Ans:- Facebook Inc.

Q.no (13) With which Company Ericsson ties for the 5G technology?
Ans:- Bharti Airtel.

Q.no (14) Eastern Peripheral Expressway inaugurated by PM Modi on 27th May 2018. What was the estimate cost of this Expressway?
Ans:– Rs. 11,000 crore (completed in 500 Days).

Q.no (15) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur has developed a wireless technology for whom?
Ans:- For the Doctors.
(this technology will enable remote monitoring of patients’ condition ferried in ambulances).

Q.no (16) Which University scientists created the world’s fastest camera?
Ans:- Lund University, Sweden.
(It is called FRAME: Frequency Recognition Algorithm for Multiple Exposures).

Q.no (17) Mobile App Mission FINFIT was launched by which bank in collaboration with Bangalore startup Fisdom?
Ans:- Lakshmi Vilas Bank.

Q.no (18) SpaceX launched a Falcon 9 vehicle into space with 10 Satellites of a giant of mobile voice and data satellite communications. What is the Name of it?
Ans:- Iridium.

Q.no (19) Two earth observation satellites ‘NovaSAR’ and ‘S1-4’ was launched by ISRO through which rocket?
Ans:- ‘
PSLV C 42′ Rocket.

Q.no (20) Who became the first woman from Karnataka and South India, fighter pilot of the Indian Air Force?
Ans:- 
Meghana Shanbough.

Q.no (21) Which Indian state restricts the use of loudspeakers at religious, public places?
Ans:- Uttar Pradesh.

Q.no (22) In which district of Odisha, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated second longest River bridge of the state?
Ans:- Sambalpur (this bridge reduced distance by 50 km between Sambalpur and Brajarajnagar).

Q.no (23) India plans to celebrate the Republic Day 2018 (26th January) with the leaders of countries?
Ans:- ASEAN countries.

Q.no (24) India and which Country joint hands to provide visa free entry for flight crew members?
Ans:- Russia.

Q.no (25) Paytm Payments Bank partnered with this bank for FD (Fixed Deposit) Facility?
Ans:- Induslnd Bank.

Q.no (26) Mandela-Gandhi Youth Conference 2018 was held at where?
Ans:-
 ‘Pietermaritzburg’ in South Africa on June 8, 2018.

Q.no (27) Which country has the fastest mobile Internet in the world according to the global leader in broadband testing Ookla?
Ans:- Norway.
(recorded average speed of 52.6 megabits per second).

Q.no (28) The 9th edition of International Youth Sailing Competition of India is held at where?
Ans:- Krishnapatnam Port (in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh).

Q.no (29) World Cartoonist’s Day 2018 celebrated on which date?
Ans:- 
May 5.

Q.no (30) Which Indian state has been officially declared Open Defecation Free (ODF)?
Ans:- Arunachal Pradesh.
(Arunachal Pradesh is second state to achieve this status).

Q.no (31) Which Indian state becomes first state to offer free power to farmers 24 hours a day?
Ans:- Telangana.
(this scheme will benefit 23 lakh farmers in Telangana state).

Q.no (32) What is the maximum age of joining the National Pension System (NPS)?
Ans:- 65 years.

Q.no (33) ‘Canelo Alvarez’ signed the largest contract in the history of sports. He belongs to which sports?
Ans:- Professional Boxing.

Q.no (34) Which company offers 1,30,000 scholarships for developers and students for Skill India mission?
Ans:- Google.

Q.no (35) Which company reach $1 trillion market value in 2018?
Ans:- Apple.

Q.no (36) Which airport becomes 24×7 functional with CAT IIIB landing system Technology?
Ans:- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata.
(this is 5th airport in India having CAT III B landing system technology).

Q.no (37) The 2018 Annual Conference of DGPs and IGPs started at where?
Ans:- BSF Academy at Tekanpur in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh.

Q.no (38) Which Indian state Government signed a MoU with Central Government for the 2nd phase of Bharat Net project?
Ans:- Chhattisgarh.
(32,466 km of optical fiber cable will be laid in 5,987 Gram Panchayats of Chhattisgarh).

Q.no (39) ‘Anna Canteens’, meals at just Rs 5 was launched in which state of India?
Ans:- 
Andhra Pradesh.

Q.no (40) For how many states Union Home Ministry has released Rs 167 crore for border development under BADP?
Ans:- 9 Indian states.
(i.e. Rajasthan, Punjab, West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Sikkim).

Q.no (41) India’s first 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck was developed by which company?
Ans:- 
BEML (Bharat Earth Movers Limited).

Q.no (42) Chiribiquete Natural Park was declared as the world heritage site by UNESCO. This park is located in which Country?
Ans:- 
Colombia.

Q.no (43) Which company launched Mosquito repelling phone i.e. ‘K7i’?
Ans:- The LG Company.

Q.no (44) The 61st National Shooting Championship at National Games Shooting Range has been hosted at where?
Ans:- Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Q.no (45) Which university in Gujarat got approved by the Union cabinet?
Ans:- National Rail and Transportation University in Vadodara, Gujarat.

Q.no (46) With which ministry did Tata Memorial Centre Launched the India’s First Digital Online Oncology Tutorial?
Ans:- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Q.no (47) Up to which amount Union Government to Bear Merchant Discount Rate (MDR) Charges on Digital Transactions?
Ans:- Rs 2,000 (this is effective from January 1, 2018).

Q.no (48) Communication exercise ‘Pacific Endeavor-2018 (PE-18)’ hosted by which country?
Ans:- Nepal.

Q.no (49) Which state government introduces Bhoodhar card for land holders in India?
Ans:- Andra Pradesh.

Q.no (50) Name the American sprinter who ran the fastest 100-metre race of the year 2018?
Ans:- 
Noah Lyles (He clocked 9.88 seconds in the final).

Q.no (51) The 22nd Small Farmers Agri-Business Consortium held at where?
Ans:- New Delhi.

Q.no (52) M Venkaiah Naidu (Vice President of India) launched DIKSHA portal for whom?
Ans:- For the teachers.

Q.no (53) To accomplish the Technology Mission for Indian Railways, how many have Union Ministries tied up?
Ans:- 3 Union Ministries.
(i.e. Ministries of railways, science and technology and human resource development).

Q.no (54) An android App for the computation of solar energy potential has been developed by whom in India?
Ans:- ISRO.

Q.no (55) Russia launched a Glonass- M positioning satellite on 17 June 2018 by using which rocket?
Ans:-
 Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket (From Plesetsk space center).

Q.no (56) Which company introduced ‘Datally’ app for quick data usage in real time for smartphones users?
Ans:- Google.

Q.no (57) Which Indian state sets Automatic service ATMs?
Ans:- At Rajasthan.
(name of this automatic service ATMs is ‘E-Mitra Plus’).

Q.no (58) ‘Mission Antyodaya’ aims to create how many poverty-free gram panchayats in India?
Ans:- 50,000 panchayats (Union Rural Development Ministry, in partnership with State Governments).

Q.no (59) Name the first female CIA director by the President of United States Mr.Donald Trump?
Ans:-
Gina Haspel.

Q.no (60) Which state government launched the water ATM Project in city?
Ans:- West Bengal.

Q.no (61) First Indian Sign Language Dictionary was launched by Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment ‘Thaawarchand Gehlot’. It content how many words?
Ans:- 
3000 words.

Q.no (62) 11th World Hindi Conference 2018 started at where?
Ans:- 
Port Louis, Mauritius.

Q.no (63) Which union Minister launched Livestock Disease Forewarning (LDF) Mobile App?
Ans:- Shri Radha Mohan Singh, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

Q.no (64) The ‘Annual Meeting 2018 of the World Economic Forum’ held at where?
Ans:- Davos, Switzerland.
(held from 23-26 January 2018).

Q.no (65) ‘Paree Pain Katha Tiye’ child sexual abuse awareness campaign launched by which state government of India?
Ans:- 
Odisha.

Q.no (66) India and which country has signed an agreement to share tax-related information from January 2018?
Ans:- Switzerland.

Q.no (67) ‘Conservation of Asiatic Cheetah Project’ is run by?
Ans:- The UN Development Programme.

Q.no (68) Microsoft entered into a strategic partnership with which Indian automobile company?
Ans:- Tata Motors Ltd.

Q.no (69) Which Indian state government launches ‘Bhavantar Bharpayee Yojana’ for vegetable growing farmers?
Ans:- Haryana.
(for this scheme Farmers can registered themselves on Bhavantar Bharpayee website).

Q.no (70) India helped Nepal to build a bridge on which river?
Ans:- Kaligandaki River.
(this bridge is near to the China border).

Q.no (71) Which country hosted the 2018 ASEAN-India Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD)?
Ans:- Singapore (on 6-7 January, 2018).

Q.no (72) Himachal Pradesh sets a new helpline for reporting crimes against women. What is the name of the helpline is?
Ans:- Gudiya.

Q.no (73) With which country India approved Land Border Crossing agreement?
Ans:- Myanmar.

Q.no (74) Which Indian state permits prisoners to donate organs?
Ans:- Kerala.

Q.no (75) Indian Railways has announced to use which system for various railway activities, especially project monitoring and maintenance of tracks and other railway infrastructure?
Ans:- Using the Drone Camera.

Q.no (76) 2018 Asian Billiards Championships won by whom?
Ans:-
Pankaj Advani.

Q.no (77) Which country become the biggest importer of U.S. oil refinery by-product ‘petcoke’?
Ans:- India.

Q.no (78) Name the film won Global Sustainability Film award in London?
Ans:- Lipstick Under My Burkha.

Q.no (79) The Union Cabinet has approved for the establishment of new AIIMS at where?
Ans:- Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh. Laid foundation stone by PM Narendra Modi.

Q.no (80) Which mobile network company signed a MoU with Chinese firm, ZTE for 5G Technology in New Delhi?
Ans:- BSNL.

Q.no (81) The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is to launch new scheme for free treatment of what?
Ans:- Hepatitis.

Q.no (82) MIT scientists have designed a robotic system for 3D printing the basic structure of which?
Ans:- An entire building.

Q.no (83) India will link highway corridors to international trade points (for Rs 25,000 crore) Under which Project?
Ans:- Bharatmala Project.

Q.no (84) ‘Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana’ for journalist launched in which Indian state?
Ans:-
 Odisha.

Q.no (85) Which Indian city hosted the 15th edition of the Hindustan Times Leadership Summit?
Ans:- New Delhi.

Q.no (86) 2018 cultural festival ‘India by the Nile’ held at where?
Ans:- 
Egypt.

Q.no (87) Which state announced to launch ‘Muhafiz’ scheme for workers in unorganized sector in state?
Ans:- Jammu and Kashmir.

Q.no (88) GIF Search Platform ‘Tenor’ acquired by which company?
Ans:- 
Google.

Q.no (89) 78th session of the Indian History Congress started at where?
Ans:- At the Jadavpur University campus, in Kolkata.

Q.no (90) Which state police digitized from January, 2018, under the Criminal Tracking and Networking System (CCTNS)?
Ans:- Odisha (from January 1, 2018).

Q.no (91) 2018 World Organ Donation Day was observed on which date?
Ans:-
 August 13.

Q.no (92) Which Indian city was placed in the Top 5 United Nation Clean City List?
Ans:- Alappuzha, Kerala.

Q.no (93) In the ISSF World Cup Indian shooter ‘Shahzar Rizvi’ won which medal?
Ans:-
 Gold Medal.

Q.no (94) World’s first camel hospital was opened at where?
Ans:- Dubai (cost of hospital was $10.9 million).

Q.no (95) Which state launched a free household power connection scheme for the poor in the state?
Ans:- Uttar Pradesh (with target of covering 16 million poor by 2018-end).

Q.no (96) Name the App recently launched by Eastern Railways for security of passengers?
Ans:- R-MITRA (Railway Mobile Instant Tracking Response & Assistance).

Q.no (97) As per the advice of Union Government India, which game links to be removed by the Google, FB, Microsoft, yahoo?
Ans:- Blue Whale Game links.

Q.no (98) World Athletics Day 2018 celebrated on which date?
Ans:- 
May 7.

Q.no (99) Which airport is second fastest growing airport in the world?
Ans:– 
Kempegowda International Airport.

Q.no (100) Name the free learning app launched by the Rajasthan government?
Ans:- Dishari.

Current Affairs GK Notes November 2018 – CDS NDA AFCAT SSB Interview

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01 November 2018

  • India defeated Windies by nine wickets in the fifth and final match of the One-day international (ODI) series in Thiruvananthapuram to clinch the five-match ODI series 3-1. By virtue of this win, Kohli became the first Indian captain to win six consecutive ODI series at home.
  • Former India captain Rahul Dravid becomes the fifth Indian to be inducted into ICC Hall Of Fame.
  • Jumping 23 places, India now ranks at number 77th in the ‘ease of doing business’ ranking by the World Bank. The country ranked at number 100th in the previous year. New Zealand tops the World Bank list, the United States at number eight, and China at 46th.

02 November 2018

  • Indian passport ranks 66th in the Global Passport Power Rank 2018. 
  • The Ministry of Defence has decided to induct women as sailors in the Indian Navy.

03 November 2018

  • Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal inaugurated Signature Bridge over the Yamuna River. It is the first asymmetrical cable stayed bridge in India.
  • Olympic bronze medalist and five-time World Champion, MC Mary Kom has been named as the brand ambassador of the 10th edition of the Women’s World Championship in New Delhi.
  • China launches new high-orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system

04 November 2018

  • Rio Olympics silver medalist and current world No 2 badminton player PV Sindhu will be the brand ambassador of the inaugural edition of Pro Volleyball League along with legendary American spiker David Lee. The inaugural season of the Pro Volleyball League will start in February 2019.
  • Justice Ramesh Ranganathan was sworn in as the Chief Justice of Uttarakhand High Court.

05 November 2018

  • Third Ayurveda Day is celebrated today in India. 
  • INS Arihant, India’s first nuclear ballistic missile submarine, has completed its first “deterrence patrol”. With Arihant successfully completing its patrol, India now has a dependable nuclear triad. A nuclear triad means that the country now has the capability of firing nuclear weapons from land, air and sea.
  • Researchers at Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M) have designed and booted up India’s first microprocessor, Shakti, which could be used in mobile computing and other devices.
  • Ambati Rayudu has retired from the long-form of cricket, including the Ranji Trophy, to focus on limited-overs cricket. Ambati Rayudu is 33 years old. He will continue to play international and domestic matches of the shorter version. He played his first ODI (One Day International) match in 2013.

06 November 2018

  • The ruling Congress-Janata Dal Secular (JDS) alliance in Karnataka has won two assembly seats and two Lok Sabha seats in bypolls. The BJP has won only one parliamentary seat, Shivamogga, vacated by former chief minister BS Yeddyurappa.
  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced that Faizabad district will henceforth be known as Ayodhya.
  • India opener Rohit Sharma has surpassed Virat Kohli to become the highest run-scorer in T20 international cricket for India.
  • Vice-Admiral M.P. Awati (retd.), who commanded a naval unit of the Eastern Fleet in the 1971 India-Pakistan war and whose actions led to the destruction of an enemy submarine, passed away at his hometown near Satara in Maharashtra.

07 November 2018

  • The festival of lights, Diwali is celebrated today in India.
  • National Cancer Awareness Day was observed on 7 November across the nation.
  • Rohit Sharma sets record, becomes first cricketer in history to score 4 T20I hundreds

08 November 2018

  • The Central and Andhra Pradesh governments and the World Bank have signed the loan agreement for a $172.20 million project to enhance agricultural productivity, profitability, and climate resilience of poor and marginalized farmers in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Gaddam Dharmendra was appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Islamic Republic of Iran. Gaddam Dharmendra is an Indian Foreign Service Officer (IFS) of 1990 batch.

09 November 2018

  • China’s state news agency Xinhua introduced World’s first AI anchors who can report all day every day, from anywhere in the country. Teh agency had created a digital version of a regular Xinhua news anchor named Qiu Hao.
  • The 2018 ICC Women’s World Twenty20 tournament started from today in West Indies.
  • Indian economy will expand 7.4 percent in 2018, but the growth will slow down to 7.3 percent in the next fiscal. The economy grew 7.9 percent in the first half (January-June) of 2018, reflecting post demonetization base effect.

10 November 2018

  • Harmanpreet Kaur smashed a 51-ball 103 in the opening match held in the West Indies to become the first Indian woman to score a Twenty20 International (T20I) century.
  • India’s star Wrestler Bajrang Punia became the number one rank in the world in the 65kg category, with 96 points in the latest UWW list.
  • Arunima Sinha was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Strathclyde of United Kingdom in Glasgow, Scotland. She has been awarded for her inspirational achievements in mountaineering. She is 30 years old. In 2013, she became the world’s first woman amputee to climb Mount Everest.

11 November 2018

  • World leaders attend a ceremony at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris today as part of commemorations marking the 100th anniversary of the November 11, 1918 armistice, ending World War I.
  • The day is observed on 11th November every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was a freedom fighter, scholar and the first Education Minister of independent India, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958.

12 November 2018

  • In the phase one of Chhattisgarh elections, 70 per cent voter turnout for the 18 constituencies.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurate two major national highways and an inland waterways project in Varanasi today.
  • Union Minister and senior BJP leader Ananth Kumar died in Bengaluru at the age of was 59. Ananth Kumar was suffering from lung cancer.

13 November 2018

  • Marvel legend Stan Lee, who is the co-creator of iconic superheroes like Spider-Man and The Hulk died at the age of 95 years in Los Angeles.
  • Union minister Narendra Singh Tomar has been given the additional charge of the ministry of parliamentary affairs and D V Sadananda Gowda that of the ministry of chemicals and fertilisers.

14 November 2018

  • Children Day is celebrated today.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Singapore for a two-day visit during which he will attend the East Asia Summit.
  • Asian Games gold medallist Hima Das appointed as the UNICEF Youth Ambassador.

15 November 2018

  • Home Ministry said that around 18 lakh foreigners visited India on electronic visas this year. The highest number of visitors (2,92,143) were from the U.K., followed by the U.S. (2,21,339), China (1,27,022), France (1,07,185) and Germany (89,863). Over 17 lakh foreigners visited India on e-visa in 2017. $137,527,270 [Rs. 993 crore approx] has been received as e-visa fees this year.
  • The Ministry of Finance issued a notification regarding the release of the Rs 75 coin to commemorate 75th anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose hoisting the Tricolour for the first time at Port Blair in Andaman Nicober Islands.
  • UP cabinet approves renaming of Faizabad as Ayodhya, Allahabad as Prayagraj.
  • ISRO successfully launch GSLV Mk III-D2 carrying GSAT-29 satellite.

16 November 2018

  • Thirteen people were killed as cyclone Gaja made landfall in Tamil Nadu.
  • The Andhra Pradesh government has finalised its new emblem for official use, five years after the state’s bifurcation in 2014.
  • The International Energy Agency in its latest report ‘World Energy Outlook’ stated that India will overtake the U.S. to become the world’s second-biggest emitter of carbon dioxide from the power sector before 2030.

17 November 2018

  • India’s Pankaj Advani won his third straight IBSF billiards crown in the 150-up format. Advani overcame Nay Thway Oo of Myanmar in the final.
  • Australia’s John Hastings retires from International Cricket.
  • Justice Mathur took oath as Allahabad HC Chief Justice.

18 November 2018

  • The first trial run of indigenously developed Indian’s engineless train, the “Train 18” was successfully conducted on tracks at Moradabad-Rampur section of Northern Indian Railways.
  • Sanjay Kumar Mishra appointed Director of Enforcement Directorate China builds an ‘artificial sun’ that reaches temperatures six times that of Sun.

19 November 2018

  • Decorated war veteran Brigadier Kuldip Singh Chandpuri passed away in a private hospital in Mohali, Punjab. He was 78. Chandpuri, who was an Army Major during the 1971 India-Pakistan war, had held his post through the night in the famous battle of Longewala in Rajasthan with just 120 men against a full-fledged attack by advancing Pakistani Patton tanks.
  • India’s first specialized hospital for elephants opens in Mathura.
  • Ustad Amjad Ali Khan presented lifetime Achievement Award in Delhi.
  • India’s Lakshya Sen won a bronze medal in the BWF World junior badminton championship at Markham, Canada.

20 November 2018

  • Nearly 72 per cent voting was recorded till 6 pm as polling came to a close in the second and final phase of Chhattisgarh assembly elections. A total of 1,079 candidates are contesting in the 72 constituencies of 19 districts in the State with an electorate of 1,54,00,596.
  • Golfer Shubhankar becomes first Indian to win European Tour Rookie of the Year award

21 November 2018

  • WhatsApp named Abhijit Bose as its India Head, the co-founder and chief executive of Indian mobile payments firm Ezetap.
  • Dr Jitendra Singh releases book Radio Kashmir in Times of Peace & War written by Dr Rajesh Bhat.
  • India has slipped two places to rank 53rd Position in Global Annual talent ranking released by renowned IMD Business School, Switzerland on 20 November 2018.

22 November 2018

  • Instant messaging service WhatsApp announced the appointment of Abhijit Bose as its India head. Bose will join WhatsApp in early 2019. WhatsApp said Bose and his team will focus on helping businesses, both large and small, connect with their customers.
  • World malaria report by World Health Organisation (WHO) states that, India is the only country to have achieved a substantial decrease in malaria cases in 2017 out of the 11 highest burden countries throughout the world.

23 November 2018

  • Union Government has decided to commemorate 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak at national as well as international level
  • Andhra Pradesh is building a world-class and India’s first ‘Justice City’ within its new capital Amaravati with the vision to provide a state-of-the-art ecosystem built on the latest technology for supporting the judicial system in the state.

24 November 2018

  • M C Mary Kom defeated Ukraine’s Hanna Okhota in the final of the Women’s World Boxing Championships to clinch the gold medal in the 48kg category and her sixth world title at the K.D. Jadhav Indoor Stadium.
  • Filmmaker Nandita Das will be honored with the International Federation of Film Producers Associations (FIAPF) Award at the 12th Asia Pacific Screen Awards (APSA) in Brisbane on the 29th of this month.
  • Ujjivan Small Finance Bank, a wholly owned subsidiary of Ujjivan Financial Services Limited, launched personal loan facility for salaried professionals making it the first small finance bank in India to offer this.

25 November 2018

  • India beat Australia by six wickets in the third and the final T20I match at the Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) to draw series 1-1.
  • Australia Women Cricket Team wins their fourth women’s World Twenty20 title after a eight-wicket victory over England in the final at the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium in Antigua and Barbuda.

26 November 2018

  • After seven months of traveling through space, the NASA InSight mission has landed on Mars.
  • President RN Kovind appointed election commissioner Sunil Arora as the next Chief Election Commissioner. He is slated to take over as CEC on December 2, a day after incumbent Om Prakash Rawat retires.
  • Men’s Hockey World Cup 2018 started from today with opening ceremony in Bhubaneswar.

27 November 2018

  • Sunil Arora will take charge new Chief Election Commissioner. He will replace outgoing Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) OP Rawat. A former bureaucrat, Arora was appointed as election commissioner.
  • Manu Bhaker of Haryana won a double gold in junior sport pistol while Ravi Kumar and Rahi Sarnobat were crowned national champions in the men and women’s events respectively in Thiruvananthapuram.

28 November 2018

  • Around 73 per cent votes were cast in the Mizoram assembly polls held for all the 40 assembly seats. 74.61 per cent voters exercised their franchise in the Madhya Pradesh assembly elections for 230 assembly seats.
  • Cristiano Ronaldo became the first player to achieve 100 Champions League wins with 1-0 victory over Valencia.

29 November 2018

  • ISRO’s PSLV-C43 successfully places HysIS and 30 other foreign satellites in respective orbits. The HysIS is an Earth observation satellite primarily to assist in a wide range of applications in agriculture, forestry, geological environments, coastal zones, among others. The 30 satellites are one each from Australia, Canada, Colombia, Finland, Malaysia, Netherlands and Spain, and 23 from the USA.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has appointed Arvind Saxena as the new Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission.
  • G20 Summit 2018 begins in Argentina.

30 November 2018

  • The farmers’ rally to parliament has been organised by the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee.
  • Former bureaucrat HC Gupta and five others have been found guilty by the Delhi High Court in a case related to alleged irregularities in the allocation of the coal blocks in West Bengal.

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01 September 2018

  • Justice Ranjan Gogoi appointed as the next Chief Justice of India. He will take charge as the next Chief Justice of India on October 3.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the India Post Payments Bank or IPPB in New Delhi which is the largest payments bank in the country by network size.
  • According to a report by HDFC Bank, the economic growth is expected to rise to 7.6 percent in the April-June quarter of 2018-19.
  • The merger of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular has been completed. This has created India’s largest telecom operator with over 400 million subscribers.
  • The 4th BIMSTEC summit successfully concluded with Nepal Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli handing over the chairmanship of the grouping to Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena.

02 September 2018

  • Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated today in India.
  • The 18th Asian Games ended with a closing glittering ceremony in Jakarta. China topped the medals table with 132 Golds. India ended their Asian Games campaign with a total of 69 medals, including 15 gold, 24 silver and 30 bronze medals.
  • Women’s hockey team captain Rani Rampal has been named India’s flag-bearer for the closing ceremony of the Asian Games 2018.

03 September 2018

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, released the book ‘Moving On, Moving Forward – A Year in Office’ to mark one year in office of Vice President Venkaiah Naidu. He also presented the first copy of the book to the Vice President of India. The book was written by Vice President Venkaiah Naidu to mark his one year in office.
  • Justice Ranjan Gogoi is set to take over as the new Chief Justice of India on October 3, 2018. His name has been recommended for the post by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra to the government.

04 September 2018

  • An anti-money laundering memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed between India and Cyprus will help to boost investment cross-flows between the two countries.
  • The Indian skipper Virat Kohli retained his number one spot in the latest International Cricket Council (ICC) Test batsmen rankings with a career-high 937 rating points, despite the defeat in the fourth Test against England.
  • England great Alastair Cook announced retirement from international cricket after the end ongoing home series against India.

05 September 2018

  • Teachers’ Day is celebrated today in the memory of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and to honor the contribution made by teachers to the society.
  • International Day of Charity 2018 observed globally.
  • Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) candidate Arif Alvi elected as the President of Pakistan.

06 September 2018

  • The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has said that we should salute the constitution-framers for giving us a constitution that strengthened parliamentary democracy and stood the test of times, even as it evolved through several amendments
  • A researcher at Shizuoka University, a Japanese team, has developed a space elevator, a miniature version on satellites. The first trial of the miniature version of the apparatus and monitoring equipment on satellites will be conducted in the month of September.

07 September 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates India’s first Global Mobility Summit “MOVE” in New Delhi.
  • India’s Hriday Hazarika won gold in men’s 10m air rifle at the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Championships.

08 September 2018

  • The 52nd International Literacy Day is celebrated today across the World.
  • Alibaba’s co-founder and executive chairman Jack Ma retire from the e-commerce company.

09 September 2018

  • Naomi Osaka became the first Japanese to win a Grand Slam singles title after defeating Serena Williams by 6-2, 6-4 in the US Open final.

10 September 2018

  • Novak Djokovic beat Juan Martin del Potro in the US Open final by 6-3 7-6 (7-4) 6-3 and win his 14th Grand Slam title.
  • Alastair Cook becomes the fifth player to score centuries in both the debut and final Tests, after Australians Reggie Duff, Bill Ponsford, Greg Chappell and India’s Mohammed Azharuddin. He scored a century in the second innings in his final Test against India. Cook’s Test career began with a fifty in the first innings followed by a century at Nagpur in 2006, also against India.
  • Ayushman Bharat call centre has been formally inaugurated in Bengaluru by CEO of Ayushman Bharat Dr. Indu Bhushan.

11 September 2018

  • Over 50 people, including four children have died in a bus accident in Telangana’s Jagtiyal district.
  • Samsung India opens world’s largest mobile experience centre in Bengaluru.
  • Light Combat Aircraft Tejas successfully completes first-ever aerial refuelling trail.
  • India lost the five matches Test series against England by 4-1.

13 September 2018

  • The President has appointed Justice Ranjan Gogoi as the 46th Chief Justice of India. Justice Gogoi will assume office from October 3. He is the first Chief Justice of India from Assam.

14 September 2018

  • National Hindi Divas (Hindi Day) observed across India to promote Hindi as Matra Bhasha (mother tongue) of India.

15 September 2018

  • Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya set a new marathon world record in Berlin after smashing the previous best as he clocked 2hr 1min 40sec.
  • Japan’s Kento Momota defeated Khosit Phetpradab 21-14, 21-11 in the final to capture the Japan Open badminton title. Carolina Marin retained her Japan Open women’s singles title by beating Nozomi Okuhara 21-19, 17-21, 21-11.6 September 2018

16 September 2018

  • In a bid to understand Earth’s ice sheets, glaciers, sea ice, snow cover and permafrost, NASA successfully launched its Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite-2, or ICESat-2. The satellite with a three-year mission was launched with liftoff aboard a Delta II rocket from Space Launch Complex-2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

17 September 2018

  • As announced by Union Government, three state-run banks of India – Dena Bank, Vijaya Bank and Bank of Baroda will be merged to create the third-largest bank in the country.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched its polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) C42 carrying two earth observation satellites for the United Kingdom.

18 September 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina jointly inaugurated the construction of a friendship pipeline project through video conferencing. The 130-kilometre India-Bangladesh Friendship Pipeline Project will connect Siliguri in West Bengal in India and Parbatipur in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh.
  • The 70th Primetime Emmy Awards were announced at the Microsoft Theater, Los Angeles, California, United States. Amazon’s The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel became the first streaming series to win top Emmy comedy honors. HBO’s Game of Thrones wins the award for Outstanding Drama Series.

20 September 2018

  • Prime Minister Shinzo Abe won a ruling party leadership vote, setting him on track to become Japan’s longest-serving premier.
  • The National Sports Awards 2018 were officialy announced. Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli and weightlifter Saikhom Mirabai Chanu will receive the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award- India’s highest sports honour. 20 sports persons are named in the Arjuna Award including CWG and Asiad gold medalist javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra, Asiad double medalist sprinter Hima Das and Indian batswoman Smriti Mandhana. Dronacharya Award given to 8 Outstanding Coaches in Sports and Games this year.
  • Jharkhand spinner Shahbaz Nadeem entered the record books after breaking a two-decade-old world record for best bowling figures in List A cricket, with an astonishing haul of 8/10 against Rajasthan in the Vijay Hazare Trophy. The previous best bowling effort was also in the name of an Indian in Delhi left-arm spinner Rahul Sanghvi, who achieved figures of 8/15 against Himachal Pradesh in a match in the 1997-98 seasons.
  • Belgium and France become first joint leaders in FIFA Rankings history.

22 September 2018

  • National Award-winning Assamese film Village Rockstars is this year’s official Oscar entry from India.

23 September 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the world’s largest government-funded healthcare programme – the Ayushman Bharat in Ranchi, which would benefit 50 crore Indians. Under the scheme, a health cover of Rs 5 lakh would be given to each beneficiary family per year.
  • Director Kalpana Lajmi passed away at the age of 64 in Mumbai.

24 September 2018

  • PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Sikkim’s first airport name Pakyong airport. This is also the 100th airport in the country.
  • Hyderabad Metro Rail has become the second largest metro rail network in the country after New Delhi after the opening of this 16 km stretch from the Ameerpet metro interchange station towards L.B.Nagar in the city suburb.
  • Ibrahim Mohamed Solih elected as the next President of Maldives.
  • Nepal becomes the first country in the world to double its tiger population as part of the World Wildlife Foundation’s (WWF) ‘Tx2’ programme.

25 September 2018

  • President Ram Nath Kovind on September 25, 2018 conferred the National Sports Awards 2018 at the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi.

26 September 2018

  • The five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court upheld most of the provisions of the Aadhaar Act by 4:1 majority while hearing the petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Aadhaar.
  • The Supreme Court of India allowed live streaming and video recording of court proceedings across the country.
  • The Real Madrid and Croatia midfielder Luka Modric is crowned as FIFA’s best player of the year. France’s World Cup-winning coach Didier Deschamps won the best coach of the year prize. Brazil’s Marta was crowned best women’s player for a record sixth time for her role in winning the Copa America.

27 September 2018

  • World Tourism Day is celebrated today.
  • The UN Environment jointly awarded PM Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron in the Policy Leadership category for their efforts regarding the creation of the International Solar Alliance.

28 September 2018

  • Supreme court today through a judgment ending a ban that prevented women and girls between 10 and 50 years from entering in Kerala’s renowned Sabarimala temple.

29 September 2018

  • The Indonesian city of Palu on Sulawesi Island was hit by a major earthquake and tsunami, as the death toll rose to 384 people.
  • Parakram Parv is being celebrated across the country to celebrate the second anniversary of Indian Army’s surgical strikes on Pakistan.
  • Publisher of The Hindu Group of Newspapers N. Ravi and Vijay Kumar Chopra, the chief editor of Punjab Kesari Group of newspapers, were unanimously elected Chairman and Vice Chairman of Press Trust of India (PTI).
  • India defeat Bangladesh by three wickets in Dubai to win the Asia Cup 2018.
  • The 2018-19 session of the Indian Super League Football tournaments starts from today.

30 September 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Conference on Academic Leadership on Education for Resurgence at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.
  • Niwari will become the 52nd district of Madhya Pradesh and will effect from 1st October.
  • India’s Deepika Kumari wins the bronze medal in the Archery World Cup Finals in Samsun.
  • World’s first Lion cubs Victor and Isabel conceived artificially in South Africa.

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MAJOR NEWS AND EVENTS: OCTOBER 2018

01 October  2018

  • The World Habitat Day was observed across the world today.
  • The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year to recognize the contributions of older persons and to examine issues that affect their lives. The theme for the 2018 celebration is “Celebrating Older Human Rights champions.
  • The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been jointly awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo, by the Nobel committee of the Karolinska Institute. The two immunologists — from the U.S. and Japan, respectively — were awarded the Prize “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”

02 October 2018

  • Nation paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat on his 149th birth anniversary.
  • The Assam government celebrated the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi by unfurling India’s tallest National Flag from the average city elevation. The 9,600 sq ft flag stands on a 319.5 ft flag pole at Gandhi Mandap, a memorial for Mahatma Gandhi atop the Sarania Hill.
  • Three researchers Arthur Ashkin, Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland shared the 2018 Nobel Physics Prize for inventions in the field of laser physics which have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery and industry. Arthur Ashkin of the United States won one half of the prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half.
  • Air Marshal Anil Khosla PVSM AVSM VM took over as the Vice Chief of Air Staff, Born on 09 Apr 1959, Air Marshal an alumni of the National Defence Academy, was commissioned in Indian Air Force in Dec 1979. Air officer has over 4000 hours of accident free flying mainly on different variants of Jaguar, Mig-21 and Kiran aircraft.

03 October 2018

  • In a brief ceremony in Rashtrapati Bhavan, Justice Ranjan Gogoi sworn in as the 46th Chief Justice of India by President Ram Nath Kovind.
  • 2018 Nobel Chemistry prize awarded to Frances Arnold, George Smith and Gregory Winter. One half of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 was awarded to Frances H. Arnold for “for the directed evolution of enzymes” and the other half jointly given to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter.
  • India-born Gita Gopinath was appointed as the Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on October 3, 2018, becoming the first woman to hold the position.

04 October 2018

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has arrived in New Delhi on a two-day visit.
  • ICICI Bank Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Chanda Kochhar resign from her post. Bank appoints Sandeep Bakhshi as the new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer.
  • Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian for the 11th consecutive year with a net worth of USD 47.3 billion, according to Forbes magazine.
  • Prithvi Shaw made history by becoming the youngest Indian to score a Test century on debut. Shaw, at 18 years and 329 days, reached the historic three-figure mark off just 99 balls against the Windies on Day 1 of the opening Test at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot.
  • World Animal Day is celebrated at various parts of the world on 4th October to raise the status of animals in order to improve welfare standards around the globe. World Animal Day was originated by Heinrich Zimmermann. He organized the first World Animal Day on 24 March 1925 at the Sports Palace in Berlin, Germany.
  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in its Trade and Development Report predicted the GDP growth of India for 2018 to be at 7%. Previously in 2017, it was 6.2%.

05 October 2018

  • India and Russia today concluded the contract signing for a major 5 billion dollar S-400 missile defence system in New Delhi in a meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 has been awarded to Congolese gynaecologist Dr. Denis Mukwege and Yazidi human rights activist Nadia Murad.
  • Virat Kohli became the only Indian cricketer to score more than 1000 runs in Test cricket for the third consecutive year.
  • Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian for the 11th consecutive year with a net worth of USD 47.3 billion, according to Forbes magazine. Ambani is also the year’s biggest gainer, adding USD 9.3 billion to his wealth amid the continuing success of his Reliance Jio broadband telco service.
  • World Teachers’ Day is celebrated globally on 5th October. The WTD 2018 will mark the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) that recognizes education as a key fundamental right and establishes an entitlement to free compulsory education, ensuring inclusive and equitable access for all children. The theme for this year’s WTD is ‘The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher’.
  • Fuel price is reduced by 2.5 rupees in the various Indian States as the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said that the centre will reduce the 1.5 rupee exercise duty on fuel. He has further announced that an additional one rupee amount will be absorbed by the oil marketing companies. Apart from this, he has urged the state governments to cut the VAT on fuel.
  • Prime Minister Modi met Russian President Putin for dinner yesterday over which they discussed strategic issues. Today, PM Modi and Putin will meet at the India-Russia bilateral summit. The two leaders are expected to sign a number of key pacts in space and energy sector. A five billion dollars deal to procure Moscow’s advanced air defence system will be conducted today.

06 October 2018

  • The Election Commission announce the date for the State Assembly election of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Telangana. The election will begin on November 12 and continue till December 7. The results will be announced on December 11.
  • India beat West Indies by an innings and 272 runs at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium in Rajkot. The win was India’s biggest-ever in the history of Test cricket and also India’s 100th Test win at home.
  • After the delegation level talks between Prime Minister Modi and Russian President Putin, a MoU has been signed between Federal Space Agency of Russia ‘ROSCOSMOS’ and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) for conducting joint activities in Human Spaceflight programme. The Russians have also offered a ride to Indian astronauts for a short visit to International Space Station (ISS) on board a Soyuz spacecraft for a training mission.
  • Pankaj Sharma who is currently serving as the joint secretary of Disarmament and International Security Division in the Ministry of External Affairs has been appointed as India’s ambassador to UN Conference on Disarmament. He will be the permanent representative in Geneva and will replace Amandeep Gill.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman completed her 3-day visit to Astana, Kazakhstan. She visited Kazakhstan at the invitation of Minister of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan Mr. Nurlan Yermekbayev.

07 October  2018

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) celebrated 86th Air Force Day.
  • The Royal Swedish Academy decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2018 to William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer, for “integrating innovation and climate with economic growth.”
  • India’s Strategic Forces Command successfully test-fired its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile during night time as part of a user trial by the Army from a test range in Odisha. The surface-to-surface missile, which has a strike range of 350 km, was launched from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur near Balasore.

08 October  2018

  • 86th Indian Air Force (IAF) day was celebrated on 8 October 2018 to commemorate its official foundation day of the force. The celebration of day seeks to increase the awareness about the importance of IAF as an important part of the national security. It also seeks to pay rich tribute to untiring efforts and supreme sacrifice made by air force veterans.
  • India opened its medal account with a silver medal in the Youth Olympics taking place in Buenos Aires. Tushar Mane won a silver medal in men’s 10-meter air rifle event in the Olympics. Another medal for the day was won by Tababi Devi Thangjam in the women’s 44 kg category in Judo. India is participating in 13 sports in the Youth Olympics and is represented by 46 athletes. It is the largest contingent of India at the Youth Olympics.
  • Sanjay Verma appointed India’s Ambassador to Spain. He is a 1990 batch Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officer. He is currently the Additional Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs. He has been appointed as India’s Ambassador to Spain.
  • President Ram Nath Kovind has reached Tajikistan on a three-day visit to Central Asian Country. He arrived in Dushanbe and was received by Deputy Prime Minister of Tajikistan Zokirzoda Mahmad Toir.

09 October 2018

  • World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern. The theme selected for the 2018 competition is: ‘Imagine you are a letter travelling through time. What message do you wish to convey to your readers?’
  • Weightlifter Jeremy Lalrinnunga wins India’s maiden gold medal at the Youth Olympics, claiming the top honours in the men’s 62 kg category.
  • A sudden fire erupted at the Steel Authority of India’s Bhilai Steel Plant today morning at around 11 am. Nine people lost their lives and several suffered massive burning injuries in the incident. The incident took place at a gas pipeline in one of the plant’s complexes during a regular maintenance check. The injured people are undergoing medical treatment in a hospital.
  • India won eleven medals including 3 gold in Asian Para Games taking place in Jakarta. Javelin thrower Sandeep Chaudhary clinched first gold for India in men’s category. It turned out to be a fruitful day for India as middle distance runner Raju Rakshith won gold in women’s 1500 category and swimmer Jadhav Suyash Narayan won the third gold in men’s 50-meter butterfly on the second day.
  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) upon consideration of representations from various stakeholders has extended the due date of filing ITR to October 31, 2018. Earlier the date of filing Income Tax Returns was extended to October 15 which has now again extended.

10 October 2018

  • The World Mental Health Day was observed by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • Indian-American Nikki Haley resigned as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations.
  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued a cyclone alert in Odisha on October 10 and 11. The eye of the Cyclone Titlihas been located at 530 km southeast of Gopalpur, Odisha and 480 km east-southeast of Kalingapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Alerts have been issued for 14 districts – Ganjam, Puri, Boudh, Gajapati, Kandhamal Boudh, Jagatsinghpur, Cuttack, Kendrapara, Dhenkanal, Balasore, Bhadak and Nayagarh. Fishermen have also advised not to venture in to sea on these days. The National Emergency Response Centre (NERC) which is under the Home Ministry has cautioned the State Government.
  • 4 people have died and 20 people have been injured as five coaches of the New Farraka Express have derailed today near Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh. A team of doctors and National Disaster Response Force has been sent from Lucknow to Harchandpur railway station to carry out rescue and relief operations.
  • Manu Bhaker won India’s first ever Gold in shooting on Tuesday at the Asian Youth Games in Buenos Aires, Jakarta. The 16-year-old shot 236.5 in the women’s 10m air pistol event and won a gold medal. Weightlifter Jeremy Lalrinnunga also becomes first gold medalist of India in Men’s Weightlifting 62 kg event.

11 October 2018

  • Senior Advocate Tushar Mehta has been appointed as the new Solicitor General of India. He is currently serving as the Additional Solicitor General. The Solicitor General of India is the second-highest rank for a law officer of the government.
  • Replacing the Singaporean passport, the Japanese passport has been declared the most powerful passport across the world in 2018. According to 2018 Henley Passport Index, the people having Japanese passport can travel without a visa or can get an on-arrival visa across 190 countries.
  • China successfully launched two remote sensing satellites belonging to the Yaogan-32 family by a Long March-2C rocket with an upper stage on its top, from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in China.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has left for Paris on a three-day visit to France. Ms Sitharaman will hold wide-ranging talks with her French counterpart Florence Parly on ways to deepen strategic cooperation between the two countries and also deliberate on major regional and global issues of mutual interests.

12 October 2018

  • India elected to the United Nations’ Human Rights Council ‘ for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019.
  • After making a landfall near Gopalpur in Orissa, the Cyclone Titli is gradually weakening and is moving towards the north-east direction. 9 people have been reported dead till now because of the havoc caused by the cyclone. Prime Minister Modi has assured to provide all possible help to the victims in order to deal with the aftermath of the cyclone. Talks with Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa have been initiated in this regard.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Thursday held talks with Defence Minister of France Florence Parly in order to deepen strategic and defence cooperation between the two countries. One-on-one meeting was conducted by her who was followed by delegation level talks. It covered bilateral, regional, and global issues of mutual interest of the nations. Sitharaman is on a three-day visit to France.

14 October 2018

  • India concluded its campaign at the 2018 Asian Para Games in Jakarta, Indonesia with 72 medals that included 15 gold, 24 silver and 33 bronze medals. India was placed ninth in the overall tally.
  • Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik conducted an aerial survey of the districts that have been badly affected by the Cyclone Titli. The aerial survey was conducted over the three districts of Gajapati, Rayagada, and Ganjam. Later, he organized a meeting in which he announced relief for the people of these districts. The monetary relief would be paid for 15 days to the people affected by the cyclone and the flooding.
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s Voyager 2 probe is on its way outside the influence of the Sun and it could be close to interstellar space. Voyager 2 was launched. It has crossed the Kuiper Belt, an interstellar space beyond Pluto.

15 October 2018

  • International Day of Rural Women was celebrated all over the world. In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly, declared October 15 as International Day of Rural Women. It was first observed in 2008. The theme for International Day of Rural Women 2018 is ‘Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls’.
  • Co-founder of Microsoft Paul Gardner Allen, an investor, entrepreneur and philanthropist, passed away at the age of 65.
  • The Election Commission has introduced C-vigil app as a pilot project in order to help the citizens to keep a check over the prevalent malpractices. It is an internet based mobile app which is operational for the first time as a pilot project.
  • Heavy rains pounded Orissa over the last three days which were followed by a cyclone. 24 people have been killed so far because of the rains, cyclone, and landslides occurring in the state. Several measures are being taken in order to restore the connectivity which has been affected because of the calamity. As per media reports, the work is going on in full swing and things will be brought back to normal soon.
  • Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Modi released a book named ‘Lalu-Leela’, at an event in Patna. The book has nearly 200 pages. It is about alleged illegal dealings of Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) President Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family members. This is Sushil Modi’s second book. His first book ‘Beech Samar Mein’ (In the Middle of War) was released two years back.

16 October 2018

  • Irish Author Anna Burns won the Britain’s renowned Man Booker Prize 2018 for her third novel ‘Milkman’.
  • Government announces Rs 100 crore award for states under Saubhagya Scheme.
  • Both men and women hockey teams of India weren’t able to win a gold medal for the country in the Youth Olympic Games taking place in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Both men and women’s team won silver medals in the Hockey 5s competition. The men team lost to Malaysia by 2-4 while the women’s team was defeated by Argentina by 1-3.

17 October 2018

  • The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17 each year since 1993. It promotes people’s awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries.
  • Paradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana to create 10 lakh jobs, says Indu Bhusan.
  • The Uttar Pradesh cabinet has adopted a proposal of renaming the historical city of Allahabad as Prayagraj. The move was opposed by the opposition parties of the state. Former Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav has also criticised the decision. As per sources, Allahabad University and Allahabad High Court will be renamed soon. The move has been considered as a masterstroke of BJP just before the Kumbh Mela and also the 2019 General Elections.
  • HMD Global, which designs and sells phones under the Nokia brand, appointed actress Alia Bhatt as the face of Nokia phones’ in India. As part of the partnership, a print campaign featuring Alia Bhatt has already started to mark the festive season.

18 October 2018

  • The International Cricket Council (ICC) launched the global Women’s T20 Team ranking on Thursday. According to the ranking, India is placed fifth while Australia which is the three-time champion has topped the list out of 46 teams. As per ICC, the new rankings will help the team improve their game and will also determine where they stand in the shortest format of the game.
  • MJ Akbar, who faces multiple charges of sexual harassment, resigned as Union minister of state for external affairs. Akbar is facing allegations of sexual harassment and had filed a criminal defamation case against journalist Priya Ramani, who was the first to report against him.
  • An ATM for deposit and withdrawal of money for cryptocurrencies has been installed in Bengaluru’s Kemp Fort Mall by virtual currency exchange Unocoin. Users can deposit money to buy currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum using an OTP received on their registered numbers. In order to withdraw money, a request has to be first made on the Unocoin website.
  • N D Tiwari, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, passed away after a prolonged stint of hospitalisation in New Delhi. Mr.Tiwari began his career with the erstwhile Praja Socialist Party (PSP) to then serve his entire career in the Congress was 93 at the time of his death.

19 October 2018

  • At least 50 people were killed in a major train accident that occurred near Jora Phatak in Amritsar. The train ran over hundreds of people who had gathered on the railway track to watch the effigy of Ravan being burnt. According to media reports, the effigy of Ravan had been erected in close proximity to the railways track and due to the noise of firecrackers people could not hear the approaching train and move out of the way. The train was heading from Jalandhar to Amritsar. It has been estimated that around 700 people were present at the site where the accident took place. The injured have been hospitalized.
  • The first ever cruise of India “Angriya” is all set to sail from Mumbai to Goa on October 20. The cost of the ticket for the cruise is Rs. 4300 which can go up to Rs. 12000. The domestic cruise is a luxurious 7-deck, 131-meter passenger ship which has two restaurants named Ancora and Coral Reef. Made in Japan, this cruise also has six bars and amenities like spa, infinity pool, open deck and also a lounge.

20 October 2018

  • World Osteoporosis Day is observed every year on October 20. It is organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF). This day creates awareness about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become weak and brittle and increases the risk of a broken bone.
  • Mumbai defeated Delhi by four wickets to win their third Vijay Hazare Trophy title at M Chinnaswamy stadium in Bengaluru.
  • The death toll in yesterday’s Punjab train accident rose to 61. According to media reports, 74 people have been injured in the accident. Following the accident, train services between Jalandhar and Amritsar were suspended.
  • Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman held a series of bilateral talks with her US and ASEAN counterparts on Friday on the sidelines of ASEAN Defence Ministers meet which took place in Singapore. Sitharaman also met her Australian counterpart Christopher Pyne, Malaysian counterpart Mohamad Bin Sabu and Defence Ministers from several countries including China, Japan, New Zealand, Korea, and Russia. It was the 12th ASEAN Defence Ministers meeting which was being hosted in Singapore.

21 October 2018

  • The Prime Minister hoisted the national flag at Red Fort to mark the 75th anniversary of proclamation of the Azad Hind government by Subhas Chandra Bose. PM Modi also inaugurates the National Police Museum and Memorial in New Delhi.
  • Saina Nehwal settles for silver after defeated by Chinese Taipei’s Tai Tzu Ying 13-21, 21-13 and 6-21 in the Denmark Open final.
  • Four Himalayan peaks near Gangotri glacier of Uttarkashi district have been named after former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Located near Sudarshan and Saifi peaks in Raktvan valley, the peaks have been named Atal-1, 2, 3 and 4.

22 October 2018

  • As per the forecast of Indian Meteorological Department (IDA), the air quality index of the capital city has dipped to a four -year low. The Air Quality Index (AQI) has dipped to 326 which comes under “very poor” category. As per the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) reading above 400 indicates severe levels of pollution. The air quality is expected to remain the same for the next few days.
  • India won the first match of the five-match One Day International Cricket Series against West Indies taking place in Guwahati. India won by 8 wickets chasing a target of 323 runs. India made 326 runs in 42.1 overs losing two wickets in all. Rohit Sharma delivered an outstanding performance by making 152 runs off 117 balls and remained not out. Captain Virat Kohli also performed really well scoring 140 runs off 107 balls and was declared Man of the Match.

23 October 2018

  • The Supreme Court allowed the use of safer firecrackers from 8 pm to 10 pm on Diwali next month. Firecrackers will be allowed between 11:55 pm and 12:30 am on Christmas and New Year.
  • Bajrang Punia wins silver in 65 kg category in World Wrestling Championship.
  • Environmental Ministry launches Swasth Diwali campaign.

24 October 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been conferred with the Seoul Peace Prize for 2018 for his contribution to international cooperation and fostering global economic growth.
  • M Nageshwar Rao is appointed as the new interim director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
  • Team India skipper Virat Kohli became the fastest batsman in the world to score 10,000 runs in One-Day Internationals (ODIs). Kohli achieve this record on his 213th ODI match.

25 October 2018

  • Indian Captain Virat Kohli becomes the fastest batsman to reach 10,000 ODI runs on Wednesday. Kohli broke Tendulkar’s record by achieving the milestone in 205 innings surpassing Sachin who did it in 259 innings. Kohli has become the fifth Indian to reach this mark in the ODIs. Apart from him, players including Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid, MS Dhoni, and Sourav Ganguly have scored over 10,000 runs.
  • Anna Roy, the Niti Aayog Advisor while talking to All India Radio News said that the Government of India has worked hard and recognised certain fields including Health, Agriculture, Mobility, Urbanisation, and Education for the use of Artificial Intelligence. Further highlighting the importance of Artificial Intelligence Roy said that Artificial Intelligence can help the farmers to get the latest information.

27 October 2018

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi left for Japan to attend the annual summit with his counterpart Shinzo Abe.
  • Sri Lanka President Maithripala Sirisena suspended parliament, deepening political turmoil after he sacked the country’s Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe.
  • The Central Government has appointed Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer Sanjay Kumar Mishra as interim director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) for three months.
  • Indian Captain Virat Kohli becomes the first Indian batsman to score three consecutive centuries in ODI. He scores three consecutive hundreds against West Indies team in the ongoing ODI series.

28 October 2018

  • The 11 Base Repair Depots in Ojhar, Maharashtra, has handed over the first fully overhauled Sukhoi 30 MKI aircraft to the Indian Air Force. The aircraft has been manufactured by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under license from Russia. In a ceremony, the Air Officer Commanding in Chief of the Maintenance Comand headquartered in Nashik handed over the aircraft to the operational squadron of the IAF.
  • Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh attacked Narendra Modi by saying that the PM’s rule has not been good for India. Criticizing the government of Narendra Modi, Manmohan Singh stated that the PM not only failed the electorate of the country but also led a government that was mostly silent on incidents such as cow vigilantism, communal violence and mob lynching. The former Prime Minister made the statement at the launch of the new book of Shashi Tharoor.
  • West Indies all-rounder Dwayne Bravo has announced his retirement from international cricket.

29 October 2018

  • With news coming in from several government and diplomatic sources, it is now clear that the US President, Donald Trump will not be attending the Republic Day celebrations of India. It is being said that the White House has already conveyed its regrets to the Indian government.
  • Trump’s “crowded calendar” is said to be the reason for not accepting the invitation, with the State of the Union (SOTU) address in the US scheduled to happen in the later half of January.
  • The 11 Base Repair Depot (BRD) of the Indian Air Force in Maharashtra Nashik district handed over its first indigenously overhauled Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jet to the IAF at a ceremony held at the Air Force Station Ojhar. It is a twin-jet multi-role air superiority aircraft developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL).
  • A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court on Monday 29 Oct 2018 posted the Ayodhya dispute case for hearing in the first week of January before appropriate bench for fixing a schedule for hearing.
  • Whether actual hearing will be in January, February or March will be for appropriate bench to decide, a bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph said.

30 October 2018

  • On 29 Oct 2018 , India and Japan signed a record deal of $75 billion, aimed at stabilising the foreign exchange and capital markets, especially after the continuous slide down in Rupee recently.The last swap agreement between the two nations was in 2013, with the latest one being 50% higher.
  • Supreme Court bans old vehicles from NCR roads; calls the situation “very critical”. The apex court banned all 15-year-old petrol, 10-year-old diesel vehicles from plying in the NCR. The transport department has been instructed to impound any such vehicles, if found on the road.

31 October 2018

  • A night trial of India’s indigenously developed nuclear-capable Agni-1 ballistic missile with a strike range of 700 km was successfully conduc ted on 30 Oct 2018 from a test range off Odisha coast as part of a user trial by the Army, defence sources said.

On the occasion of birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, PM Modi inaugurated the world’s tallest statue – Statue of Unity to the nation.

SSC Tech Men 50 Notification 2018 Entry

SSC (Technical) Men & 21st SSC (Technical) Women Course April 2018:

Applications are invited from married/ unmarried male and unmarried female Engineering Graduates and also from widows of Defence Personnel for Grant of Short Service Commission in the Indian Army in all Arms/ Services. Course commencing in April 2018 at Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai (Tamil Nadu). Eligible candidates can apply online using below given official link from 02.08.2017 to 31.08.2017. Other details like age limit, selection process, application fee & how to apply are given below……….
Name of Course:
1. 50th SSC (Technical) Men
2. 21st SSC (Technical) Women
3. SSCW (Non Tech) for Widows of Defence Personnel

Qualification:

Candidates who have passed Engineering Degree or are studying in the final year examination of Engineering course are eligible to apply. The candidates appearing in the final year examination of Degree Course should be able to produce the Engineering Degree within 12 weeks from the date of commencement of training at OTA.

Age Limit:
For S.N. 1 & 2: Born before 02.04.1991 and not after 01.04.1998 (both days inclusive).
For S.N. 3: Born before 02.01.1989 and not after 01.01.1999 (both days inclusive).

Fees: There is no application fee for this recruitment.

How to Apply :

Eligible candidates can apply online from 02.08.2017 to 31.08.2017 using link given below. ​The applicant need not send any documents such as print out of online application.

Important Dates:
Start Date to Apply: 02.08.2017
Last Date to Apply: 31.08.2017

To Download the official notification Click Here.

Importance of hobbies in SSB

Importance of hobbies in one’s life.

The Word ‘Hobby’ has been taken from the term “hobby-horse.” A “hobby-horse” is a toy with which the children play in the sweet days of their childhood. The children climb it and prance about, pretending to be riding it. Just as such a hobby-horse is a means of entertainment to the children; a hobby is a source of amusement to a grown-up man/woman.

Thus, a hobby is an amusement or interesting pursuit which a person follows during his leisure or free time. A hobby, therefore, provides diversion from one’s main business. Thus also what is a hobby to one man may be business for another. For example, to one man, photography may be a profession while to another, it may be a hobby.

Different types of hobbies:-

  1. Numismatics :- Collecting coins is a good and indulging hobby which gives a person insight into the historical importance of people and events.
  2. Reading books:- Reading takes you to a different dimension and makes you feel the magic of mind.
  3. Ornithology :- Bird watching and studying them also gives a lot of pleasure and relaxation to the mind.
  4. Cycling :- Nothing can be better than exploring new places with your buddy on cycle. It’s a great recreational activity for bonding with your pal.

There are different kinds of hobbies. Some others may like collecting wild flowers, leaves and ferns or stones. Some like collecting sea-shells or fossils. There are other persons who like photography, sketching, painting or wood-carving. Still other may like hunting, fishing or playing games. Some people show a great zest for boating and racing. There are some people who like cultivating flowers in their gardens. They like growing roses, lilies, violets and daffodils. Some children take delight in keeping pets such as dogs, parrots and rabbits.

Hobbies have many advantages. A hobby sharpens our sense of observation. It develops resourcefulness. One learns how to satisfy one’s passion or curiosity. A hobby brings happiness and interest in our life when we have nothing to do. Thus, it prevents us from indulging in mischief. A hobby also educates us in many ways and increases our intelligence.

A man who has failed to develop any hobby is bound to remain sad or lonely in life. Time      hangs heavy on his hands and he feels frustrated.

 

         Importance of Hobbies

Gives you break: Hobbies do provide a moment of work-free and responsibility-free time in our busy schedules. For all the Armed Forces aspirants, this kind of moments becomes important because it shows your inclination and zest for life.

Reduces stressing:  Stress becomes a major factor for rejection in SSB. Hobbies help us to learn to fight it and overcome it.

 Social Outlet: Hobbies can help us in connecting to our social environs in a great manner and develop the social skills which form an important factor in the OLQ’S. And who knows, we might get the best of our friends while pursuing our hobby.

 Pleasures: Hobby gives us joy and contentment in the heart. The pleasure derived from pursuing our hobbies keeps our spirits high and brings liveliness in us.

A lot of questions are asked from our hobbies in the SSB interview. If hobbies are pursued genuinely, it becomes a brownie point for us not only in SSB interview but in later life as well.

” UQAB” is new indigenous Drone of Pakistan

The Pakistan army has acquired latest drone technology to monitor China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Sui gas pipeline, sensitive installations, bridges, dams and borders.

The Uqab, second drone, prepared by a private company Global Industrial & Defence Solutions (GIDS), Pakistan, has flight capacity of 15 hours; it can carry missile with weight of 1,000kg ammunition and can hit the target.

The Uqab can be flown in the limit of 250km with remote control, and its range can be minimised after connecting through satellite.

Through this technology, surveillance of whole world could be done while sitting in Pakistan. It has also some unique features, and expenditures incurred on its preparation are far less than the drones prepared by other countries.

The Uqab could be used to carry out scientific and climatic analysis besides surveillance programme and destroying enemy’s hideouts.

According to sources of the company, the drone would soon be presented in market for sale as 15, including some European countries, submitted application showing interest in purchase of Pakistani drone.

Importance of Polar Regions for India

India is looking forward for an intensive research in the polar region to make a database on change in pattern of global climatic conditions and its effect on the Indian Monsoon system.

Until now, Indian scientists have been  able to log  systematic and have gained newer understanding and insight into the earth system. So far, data collection from the Arctic has been  confined to only surface area and is  not continuous.

The team of scientists from the Earth System Science Organization-National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) and the ESSO-National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR) successfully recovered data from IndARC, the country’s first multi-sensor moored observatory deployed in the Kongsfjorden fjord of the Arctic Ocean, almost halfway between Norway and the North Pole, in July last year. After retrieving the data, the sensors were deployed again.

“This is one of the greatest milestones India has achieved and has shown to the world our strength to design, install and retrieve an Arctic moored observatory. The collected data is most valuable and preliminary observations are promising to study further in depth. All the sensors worked successfully for a year and collected more than 10 lakh data points for the scientists to have a deeper insight on Arctic processes,” says Dr R Venkatesan, who heads the NIOT team.

“The acquired data would be of vital importance to the Indian climate researchers as well as the international fraternity. In addition to providing for an increased understanding of the response of the Arctic to climatic variabilities, the data would also provide a good handle in our understanding of the Arctic processes and their influence on the Indian monsoon system through climate modelling studies,” he said.

The observatory has an array of 10 state-of-the-art oceanographic sensors, programmed for measuring real-time data subsea temperature, conductivity, salinity, pressure, water current speed and direction strategically positioned at discrete depths in the water column.

The cabinet has cleared the purchase of vessels and this shot in the arm of the Indian scientific community has boosted their morale and India is poised to become a major in this region soon. With a research vessel of its own, India will prove its commitment to polar research and contribute to the global knowledge to understand the earth as a single system. At present, India spends Rs 150-200 crore on polar study, a major chunk of which goes in hiring the vessels.

India has been involved in research activity in the polar region since 1981. So far, it has carried nearly 8 expeditions to Arctic and around 33 to Antarctica. The country sends around 75 scientists in a year for carrying out polar research, mostly to Antarctica.

The two major areas that India hopes to gain research ground are the study of climate change and microbiological research in the Antarctica. Scientists at the NCAOR are studying and carrying out scientific analysis in the 100 metres ice core that was brought last year. This is the longest core India has been able to bring back home.

The glaciers are believed to have kept the vast information of climate change which have taken place over millenniums. These polar regions remain in their pristine form till date and gases from bygone eras are trapped inside them can provide valuable information about the climatic conditions at the at that period of time . many microbiologists are also involved in finding out the organisms which have been hibernating over there for million of years and can provide us the knowledge about the earliest form of life forms on earth.

A look at Indian research facilities in the Antarctica and Arctic:

  • Dakshin Gangotri (1983) – India’s first permanent station in Antarctica. Built on an ice shelf, this was completely lost to the ice by 1990.
  • Maitri (1989) – India’s second permanent station in Antarctica. Situated on an ice-free area in the central Dronning Maud Land, this facility has been the mainstay of Indian Antarctic research for the past 25 years.
  • Bharati (2012) – India’s third and most modern permanent research station in Antarctica. Situated in an ice-free area of Larsmann Hills.
  • Himadri (2008) – India’s first research station in the Arctic.

(Source: Thamban Meloth’s article in Ocean Digest)

Reservation System In India

India is a country with a vast diversity. With approx. 1.343 billion people, India stands 2nd in the world in terms of population. India is a secular state by the 42nd amendment act of Constitution in 1976. And still, our country follows around 3000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes, each related to a specific occupation. India’s caste system is amongst the world’s oldest forms of surviving social satisfaction. For centuries, the castes have illustrated the living style of people with each individual being treated differently in this complex hierarchy.

Many social beliefs and rituals started to be followed such as the upper and lower castes will live in different colonies, the water and food resources would not be shared, one could marry only within one’s own caste, the lower caste people were not allowed to enter temples, etc. Eventually, the caste system granted many prerogatives to the upper castes while degrading the quality of living for the lower castes.

Thus, in the year of 1950, India’s constitution banned inequity and discrimination on the basis of caste and the administrative announced quotas and reservations in government jobs and educational institutions for scheduled castes and tribes and later on for OBC’s as well.

But the biggest question that lies in front of us is whether implementing the reservation system has really helped solve the injustice?

Reservation In India

Today, in our parliament, out of the total 543 seats, 84 (i.e. 15.47%) are reserved for scheduled castes/Dalits and 47 (i.e. 8.46%) are reserved for scheduled tribes! A fixed percentage of India’s government and public sector jobs are made reserved for categories of people largely based on their caste or tribe. In India, most of the scholarships or student aid is available only to the SC’s. ST’s, OBC’s, women, Muslims and other minorities. Only about 0.7% of scholarships or student aid in India is based on merit. Other than this, the state governments also follow their own reservation policies respectively based upon the population constitution of each state. So, nearly, 50% seats are reserved.

Today, when a student applies for an admission in any university, the admission forms are filled with questions like: “Do you belong to and scheduled or backward classes?” or “Do you belong to general category?”. How does it matter which category does an individual belongs to? What actually matters is their merit.

Sometimes, children belonging to backward classes aren’t even deserving enough and they still get the education seat in contrast to a child who has studied honestly and religiously for months to get a seat; thereby snatching away the opportunity just because they come from a particular reserved caste or background!

In the recent news we read that for DU admissions, the cut-off for PhD Mathematics for SC/ST was fixed to be “ZERO” and to be ($% for the unreserved category. This clearly means that an individual from the reserved category does not require to even pass the basic education qualification and can still pursue a PhD in Mathematics. And is this not injustice and discrimination for the unreserved category?

Reservations should be purely made on the basis of the economic conditions of the applicant and nothing else. Reservations based on castes and not on the living economic status of an individual is actually dividing the nation instead of making it progress. Instead of including reservations for the backward classes, the government should bring policies to change our education system at the grass root level. Basic education should be made free and compulsory for everyone till 12th grade. If reservations are to be included, then do not only on the basis of economic status. Politicians must not propose reservations as an agenda to better their vote banks.

This way, we would be successful in removing caste discrimination and unite the nation together to move forward as one.

Image Source : http://www.mysteryofindia.com/